Learning Pyramid researched and created by the National Training Laboratories in Betel, Maine, illustrates the percentage of learner recall that is associated with various approaches. The first four levels are passive learning methods.
Understanding Learning Pyramid
5% Lecture according to Learning Pyramid lecture is a passive form of learning where you simply sit back and listen to information being spoon fed to you by your teacher or professor. Attempting to acquire information and gain understanding only through lectures is not the most effective way of learning. Lectures are most effective when students arrive to class prepared, actively participate in class discussion, and take good notes.
10% Reading is still one of the less effective methods for acquiring and retaining information Notwithstanding, reading textbooks is a necessary method of study in most academic settings. There are several strategies for reading textbooks that can greatly improve your ability to retain and recall what you read in your textbook.
20% Audio-Visual may incorporate various audio-visual learning/teaching tools including videos, sound, pictures, and graphs. as media and computer technology continues to evolve, new forms of audio-visual instruction are leading to more effective learning and retention of material. The effectiveness of audio-visual learning and study methods are enhanced when combined with other, more active forms of study.
30% Demonstration is the first of the seven study methods that involve active learning. Demonstration tends to offer students less ambiguity than passive study methods and leads to fewer misconceptions and greater understanding. The demonstration can be an effective study method, especially when information is ambiguous or confusing.
50% Discussion is a cooperative learning method that relies on students interacting and studying material with other students and instructors. Discussion Groups are intended to stimulate student thinking and increase participation and engagement. Discussion can occur within a classroom setting or by forming a study group.
75% Practice Doing This method of study encourages students to take what they learn and put it into a practice whereby promoting deeper understanding and moving information from short-term to long-term memory. Practice by doing makes the material more personal, and thus more meaningful to students. Practice by doing also leads to a more in-depth understanding of the material, greater retention and better recall.
90% Teaching Others students are able to retain about 90% of what they’re able to teach others. The most common form of teaching others is Peer Tutoring. However, the best place to teach others is in a study group. One of the main activities that should occur in an effective study group is peer to peer teaching, where each group member takes the opportunity to teach the other group members the course material being studied.