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Top 10 Greatest Scientists of All Time

Over time, science has had a great place in humans and has led to the development and emergence of types of science that are and will continue to be the foundations of human life. Humanity has provided many scientists who influenced the evolution of life so in this article we will talk about some of the scientists of all time and their achievements.

Top 10 Greatest Scientists

Albert Einstein

ِAmerican- German physicist was born on March 14, 1879,  he is one of the scientists of all time. His father, Hermann Einstein, was originally a featherbed salesman and later ran an electrochemical factory with moderate success. His mother, the former Pauline Koch, ran the family household. He had one sister, Maria, born two years after Albert. 

Einstein’s education was disrupted by his father’s repeated failures at business. Einstein could apply directly to the Eidgenössische Polytechnische Schule (“Swiss Federal Polytechnic School”; in 1911, following expansion in 1909 to full university status, it was renamed the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, or “Swiss Federal Institute of Technology”) in Zürich without the equivalent of a high school diploma if he passed its stiff entrance examinations.

After graduation in 1900, Einstein faced one of the greatest crises in his life. Because he studied advanced subjects on his own, he often cut classes. Einstein published hundreds of books and articles. He published more than 300 scientific papers and 150 non-scientific ones. On 5 December 2014, universities and archives announced the release of Einstein’s papers, comprising more than 30,000 unique documents.

einstein

Isaac Newton

English physicist and mathematician were born on December 25, 1642, in the hamlet of Woolsthorpe. he is widely recognized as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a key figure in the scientific revolution.

In optics, his discovery of the composition of white light integrated the phenomena of colors into the science of light and laid the foundation for modern physical optics. 

In mechanics, his three laws of motion, the basic principles of modern physics, resulted in the formulation of the law of universal gravitation.

In mechanics, his three laws of motion, the basic principles of modern physics, resulted in the formulation of the law of universal gravitation.

isac newten

Charles Darwin

British naturalist was born February 12, 1809, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England. he is one of the scientists of all time  .he introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding.

Darwin drafted a 35-page sketch of his theory of natural selection in 1842 and expanded it in 1844, but he had no immediate intention of publishing it.

Darwin was a prolific writer. Even without publication of his works on evolution, he would have had a considerable reputation as the author of The Voyage of the Beagle, as a geologist who had published extensively on South America and had solved the puzzle of the formation of coral atolls, and as a biologist who had published the definitive work on barnacles.

Charles Darwin

Galileo Galilei

Italian philosopher,  astronomer, and a mathematician were born February 15, 1564, Pisa [Italy]. he is one of the scientists of all time. Galileo has been called the “father of observational astronomy”. he made fundamental contributions to the sciences of motion, astronomy, and strength of materials and to the development of the scientific method.

Galileo made original contributions to the science of motion through an innovative combination of experiment and mathematics. His mathematical analyses are a further development of a tradition employed by late scholastic natural philosophers, which Galileo learned when he studied philosophy.

 His telescopes were also a profitable sideline for Galileo, who sold them to merchants who found them useful both at sea and as items of trade. He published his initial telescopic astronomical observations in March 1610 in a brief treatise entitled Sidereus Nuncius.

Galileo Galilei

Marie Curie

she was Born Maria Sklodowska on November 7, 1867. she graduated from Sorbonne University and had received a commission to perform a study on different types of steel and their magnetic properties and needed a lab to work in. 

she was the only person to win a Nobel Prize in two different sciences. In 1903, Curie received the Nobel Prize in Physics, along with her husband and Henri Becquerel, for their work on radioactivity. With their win, the Curies developed an international reputation for their scientific efforts, and they used their prize money to continue their research.

In 1911, Curie won her second Nobel Prize, this time in Chemistry, for her discovery of radium and polonium. While she received the prize alone, she shared the honor jointly with her late husband in her acceptance lecture. 

Marie Curie

Aristotle

Ancient Greek philosophy was born in 384 BCE at Stagirus. he is considered the “Father of Western Philosophy”.  Aristotle’s writings were held by his student Theophrastus, who had succeeded Aristotle in the leadership of the Peripatetic School. 

The works of Aristotle fall under three headings:

  • dialogues and other works of a popular character.
  • collections of facts and material from scientific treatment.
  • systematic works. 

Aristotle

Stephen Hawking

British scientist, professor, and an author was born January 8, 1942. he is one of the scientists of all time. Hawking began his schooling at the Byron House School in Highgate, London. He later blamed its “progressive methods” for his failure to learn to read while at the school. he attended two independent schools, first Radlett School and from September 1952, St Albans School, after passing the eleven-plus a year early.

Stephen Hawking wrote or co-wrote a total of 15 books. In 1988 Hawking catapulted to international prominence with the publication of A Brief History of Time. 

In 2005, Hawking authored the even more accessible A Briefer History of Time, which further simplified the original work’s core concepts and touched upon the newest developments in the field like string theory.   

Stephen Hawking

Nikola Tesla

 Serbian-American, inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, and futurist was born 10 July 1856. he is one of the scientists of all time. Tesla received advanced education in engineering and physics in the 1870s and gained practical experience in the early 1880s working in telephony and at Continental Edison in the new electric power industry. 

In the summer of 1889, Tesla traveled to the 1889 Exposition Universelle in Paris and learned of Heinrich Hertz’ 1886–88 experiments that proved the existence of electromagnetic radiation, including radio waves. Tesla found this new discovery “refreshing” and decided to explore it more fully. In repeating, and then expanding on, these experiments, Tesla tried powering a Ruhmkorff coil with a high-speed alternator he had been developing as part of an improved arc lighting system but found that the high-frequency current overheated the iron core and melted the insulation between the primary and secondary windings in the coil. To fix this problem Tesla came up with his Tesla coil with an air gap instead of insulating material between the primary and secondary windings and an iron core that could be moved to different positions in or out of the coil.

Nikola Tesla

Nicolaus Copernicus

Renaissance-era mathematician and astronomer was born on February 19, 1473. he traveled to Italy at the age of 18 to attend college, where he was supposed to study the laws and regulations of the Catholic Church and return home to become a canon. However, he spent most of his time studying mathematics and astronomy. 

In 1504–12 Copernicus made numerous journeys as part of his uncle’s retinue—in 1504, to Toruń and Gdańsk, to a session of the Royal Prussian Council in the presence of Poland’s King Alexander Jagiellon to sessions of the Prussian diet at Malbork (1506), Elbląg (1507) and Sztum (Stuhm) (1512); and he may have attended a Poznań (Posen) session (1510) and the coronation of Poland’s King Sigismund I the Old in Kraków (1507). Watzenrode’s itinerary suggests that in spring 1509 Copernicus may have attended the Kraków sejm.

Nicolaus Copernicus

Thomas Edison

American inventor and businessman were born on February 11, 1847. he is one of the scientists of all time. he has been described as America’s greatest inventor. He is credited with developing many devices in fields such as electric power generation, mass communication, sound recording, and motion pictures.

Edison is credited with designing and producing the first commercially available fluoroscope, a machine that uses X-rays to take radiographs. Until Edison discovered that calcium tungstate fluoroscopy screens produced brighter images than the barium platinocyanide screens originally used by Wilhelm Röntgen, the technology was capable of producing only very faint images.

he invented a highly sensitive device, that he named the tasimeter, which measured infrared radiation. His impetus for its creation was the desire to measure the heat from the solar corona during the total Solar eclipse of July 29, 1878.

he learned the basics of electricity. This allowed him to make his early fortune with the stock ticker, the first electricity-based broadcast system. On August 9, 1892, Edison received a patent for a two-way telegraph.

Thomas Edison