The blockchain is a growing list of records, called blocks, which are linked using cryptography. Each block contains a cryptographic hash of the previous block, a timestamp, and transaction data. By design, a blockchain is resistant to modification of the data.
The blockchain programming uses some programming languages for writing smart contracts for blockchains. Well, we will discuss them here.
The Best Blockchain Programming Languages
- C++ is a general-purpose programming language. It has imperative, object-oriented and generic programming features, while also providing facilities for low-level memory manipulation. C++ is a particularly powerful, old school, domain-general language that’s quite popular for core blockchain programming. As a strictly-typed language with a relatively outdated syntax relative to its peers, the learning curve is very steep. It’s likely the hardest to language for a new developer to jump into, yet it must be stated that the fundamental knowledge attained through pushing the C++ learning curve is second-to-none. the blockchain world heavily leans on C++.
- Python is an interpreted, high-level programming language for general-purpose programming. Python has exploded as a simple yet powerful language with massive community support leading to Python integration literally everywhere – from web UI libraries such as Flask to machine learning essentials like NumPy.While with native Python one can’t technically contribute to an existing blockchain, write decentralized apps, or hold an initial coin offering, it’d be a mistake to leave Python out of this list as almost every single blockchain ecosystem has one or more public tools written in & for Python.
- Go is a programming language designed by Google engineers Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson. Go is statically typed, compiled, and syntactically similar to C, with the added benefits of memory safety, garbage collection, structural typing, and CSP-style concurrency. GO is a compiled language – which means it runs directly within an operating system. This feature allows maximal flexibility when it comes to using GO for multiple parts of a blockchain project.
Solidity is a contact-oriented programming language for writing smart contracts. It is used for implementing smart contracts on various blockchain platforms. , Solidity is hands-down one of the most straightforward ways to dive directly into the heart of it all. Since the development of Solidity began prior to the Ethereum hard-fork, it thankfully averted any engineering effects on part of the civil disagreement, as evidenced by both Ethereum Classic & Ethereum continuing Solidity support. Furthermore, the Cardano team also recently announced Solidity support making Solidity the single blockchain programming DSL supported in multiple blockchains.
- Ruby A dynamic, open source programming language with a focus on simplicity and productivity. It has an elegant syntax that is natural to read and easy to write. It supports multiple programming diagrams, including functional, object-oriented, and imperative. It also has a dynamic type system and automatic memory management.