Cybersecurity and information security are often used interchangeably, as they refer to the same thing (the integrity and confidentiality of information).
But, there is a difference between the terms cybersecurity and information security. They both have to do with security, protecting computer systems from information breaches, and threats, but they’re also very different. One has to do with protecting data from cyberspace while the other deals with protecting data in general.
To understand the difference between cybersecurity and information security, it’s important to first understand each of them is and what their connection is to each other.
What is Cyber Security
Cybersecurity is the securing and protecting information and data from outside sources on the Internet through ICT. Cybersecurity professionals provide protection for networks, servers, intranets, and computer systems by storing data and using technologies used to secure the data. It also ensures that only authorized people have access to that information.
In an office setting, one individual might go to another’s computer, install a flash drive and copy confidential information. This falls more under the category of information security. If someone halfway across the world manages to hack into another company’s network and breach their system, this company is in need of better cybersecurity.
What is Information Security
Information security is all about protecting information and information systems from unauthorized use, assess, modification or removal. It’s similar to data security, which has to do with protecting data from being hacked or stolen. Data is classified as information that means something.
All information is data of some kind, but not all data is information. When certain things are stored in a computer system, they are considered data. It isn’t until it’s actually processed that it becomes information. Once it becomes information is when it needs protection from outside sources. These outside sources may not necessarily be in cyberspace.
The Actual Difference Between Cyber Security and Information Security
In fact, understand the differences between terms like cybersecurity and information security is important because many banking regulatory bodies like Reserve bank of India, Hong Kong Monetary Authority, Monetary Authority of Singapore, etc. have asked banks to have separate cybersecurity and IS security policies.
While many people still consider them one and the same, they’re actually different. Their capabilities are different. They both officer protection against information and data being stolen, accessed or changed, but that’s where the similarities end.
Information doesn’t have to be on a computer to be in need of an information security system. Even if it’s stored in a file cabinet, it needs good information security. Cybersecurity deals with protecting data and information from outside sources in cyberspace or the Internet.
Finally, notice that cybersecurity includes everything and everyone that can be accessed through cyberspace. So, one could argue that everything in this world is vulnerable through ICT. so, we should be completely protected, because of the security challenges posed by the use of ICT.