Robotics is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering and science that includes mechanical engineering, electronic engineering, information engineering, computer science, and others. Robotics deals with the design, construction, operation, and use of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing. These technologies are used to develop machines that can substitute for humans and replicate human actions.
Applications of Robotics
Collaborative Robot is a robot intended to physically interact with humans in a shared workspace. This is in contrast with other robots, designed to operate autonomously or with limited guidance, which is what most industrial robots were up until the decade of the 2010s. it typically has a rounded shape without any pinch points and internalized wires and motors. They also have the ability to detect any abnormal force applied to their joints while in motion. These robots can be programmed to respond immediately by stopping or reversing positions when they come into any sort of human contact.
Robotic Painting Industrial paint robots have been used for decades in automotive paint applications. Early paint robots were hydraulic versions which are still in use today but are of inferior quality and safety to the latest electronic offerings. The painting application is a hazardous and taxing job. Workers can be exposed to unsafe VOCs, iso-cyanides, and carcinogens. Painting robots, on the other hand, are better equipped to handle the dangers of this particular work environment. Built with explosion-proof arms, these robots remain safe in the midst of combustible gas.
Robotic Welding is the use of mechanized programmable tools, which completely automate a welding process by both performing the weld and handling the part. Robotic arc welders are more consistent throughout the weld and provide impeccable repeatability, providing higher quality welds. Robots can also save workers from health hazards by limiting exposure to fumes and decreasing risk of arc burn. Robot welding decreases cycle times and enhances efficiency. The return on investment (ROI) is worth every penny spent on an arc welding robot.
Robotic Assembly is used for lean industrial processes and has expanded production capabilities in the manufacturing world. An assembly line robot can dramatically increase production speed and consistency. They also save workers from tedious and dull assembly line jobs.
Material Removal can be defined as the volume of material removed divided by the machining time. Another way to define MRR is to imagine an instantaneous material removal rate as the rate at which the cross-section area of material being removed moves through the workpiece.
Machine Tending refers to the automated operation of industrial machine tools in a manufacturing plant, primarily using robot automation systems.