In recent years, 3D printing has become successful commercial technology. it developed enough to be used in many fields, with the most important ones being manufacturing, medicine, architecture, custom art, and design.
3d printing manufacturing applications
FDM technology is also put to use in the medical industry to produce customized fixtures, parts for medical devices, research aids. Whilst Polyjet technology is also used because it offers multi-material choices that allow the user to adjust rigidity, flexibility, as well as its opacity and transparency. This allows surgeons to reproduce organs in model form to determine the best possible solution to the problem.
Now, we are able to use 3D printing to upload an e-NABLE Myoelectric arm that runs off of servos and batteries that are actuated by the electromyography muscle. With the use of 3D printers. Also, Printed prosthetics have been used in rehabilitation of crippled animals.
– FDA approved the marketing of a surgical bolt which facilitates less-invasive foot surgery and eliminates the need to drill through bone.
– The 3D printed titanium device, ‘FastForward Bone Tether Plate’ is approved to use in correction surgery to treat a bunion.
– the group of Professor Andreas Herrmann at the University of Groningen has developed the first 3D printable resins with antimicrobial properties.
– Employing stereolithography, quaternary ammonium groups are incorporated into dental appliances that kill bacteria on contact.
– the company Xilloc Medical together with researchers at the University of Hasselt, in Belgium, had successfully printed a new jawbone for an 83-year-old Dutch woman from the province of Limburg.
– 3D printing has been used to produce prosthetic beaks for eagles, a Brazilian goose named Victoria, and a Costa Rican toucan called Grecia.
2- Rapid manufacturing
Advances in RP technology have introduced materials that are appropriate for final manufacture, which has introduced the possibility of directly manufacturing finished components. One advantage of 3D printing for rapid manufacturing lies in the relatively inexpensive production of small numbers of parts.
Rapid manufacturing is a new method of manufacturing and many of its processes remain unproven. 3D printing is now entering the field of rapid manufacturing and was identified as a “next level” technology.
3D printing can be particularly useful in research labs due to its ability to make specialized, bespoke geometries. In 2012 a proof of principle project at the University of Glasgow, UK, showed that it is possible to use 3D printing techniques to assist in the production of chemical compounds.
The first printed chemical reaction vessels then used the printer to deposit reactants into them. They have produced new compounds to verify the validity of the process, but have not pursued anything with a particular application.
Both PolyJet and FDM technology can be used for Architectural design structure model purposes because of their high-quality and detailed printing capabilities. Using 3D printing technology allows architects to present their clients with a valuable mode of communication as well as develop and refine the building structure by being able to assess the 3D model.
Before 3D printing technology architects methods of conveying designs to clients was through computer simulations or even handmade wooden and foam board models but through innovations in additive manufacturing, 3D printing has become an architectural company preferred method for its ability to produce accurate and complex structures.
5- Mass customization
Miniature face models (from FaceGen) produced using Ceramic Based material on a Full Colour 3D Inkjet Printer
Companies have created services where consumers can customize objects using simplified web-based customization software, and order the resulting items as 3D printed unique objects. This now allows consumers to create custom cases for their mobile phones. Nokia has released the 3D designs for its case so that owners can customize their own case and have it 3D printed.
Additive manufacturing of food is being developed by squeezing out food, layer by layer, into three-dimensional objects. A large variety of foods are appropriate candidates, such as chocolate and candy, and flat foods such as crackers, pasta, and pizza.
NASA has considered the versatility of the concept, awarding a contract to the Systems and Materials Research Consultancy to study the feasibility of printing food in space. One of the problems with food printing is the nature of the texture of food. For example, foods that are not strong enough to be filed are not appropriate for 3D printing.